Grasse, known as the perfume capital of the world, is a city located in the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur in the department of Alpes-Maritimes. As the altitude of the town is around 300-400 m, Grasse is a bit less warm than the beach during summer. In the Middle Ages, Grasse was an independent city-state, which ended in 1227. Back in the days, its main product was leather, manufactured into gloves, bags and belts. Habit was to scent these kind of products with perfume, in order to get rid of the leather smell, and this is how the perfume industry of Grasse arose. The old town or “ vieille ville” of Grasse is very interesting, filled with 17th and 18th century buildings. The main square called Place aux Aires is very pretty, and was up to the year 2004 home to the daily market where flowers and regional goods were sold. Another square is the Place du petit Puy, where the 10-11th century Notre Dame du Puy cathedral can be found, built in Provençal Romanesque style and comprising an impressive 18th century clock tower. In this cathedral, paintings of Rubens, Jean-Honoré Fragonard and Louis Bréa are displayed. You can wander through little shops and boutiques here as well as they are situated around the square. From the Place du petit Puy, you can enter the Place Godeau through an archway, where the 12th century Tour de Guet is situated, which is a watch tower built next to the city hall. If you would like to visit some museums, the Musée International de la Parfumerie is a must, displaying information about the process of making perfume and antique attributes that were used to create perfume. Another interesting museum is the Musée d'Art et d'Histoire de Provence, featuring archaeology, ethnology, paintings and pottery. In order to reach Grasse, the best option is to fly to Nice and from there to drive to your destination.